Karaka berries and dogs are are a deadly combination and now that it’s hotting up the berries of this Kiwi fruit start ripening and falling. If you’re a pet parent in New Zealand it’s important to know how to keep your dog safe from karaka berry poisoning.
The karaka tree grows on the North and South islands in nature reserves, parks and urban areas. In some ways it’s a firm favourite among us Kiwis (more on this below) but for our dogs it’s another story. To make sure that story is a happy one, read how to keep your pooch safe during karaka berry season…
Are karaka berries poisonous to dogs?
The leafy evergreen karaka tree produces sweet smelling berries that turn from emerald green to a yellow orange when ripe. In fact, the word ‘karaka’ means orange in Māori. The tree’s leafy canopy and succulent fruit provide a sanctuary and food for native birdlife and possums.
On the other hand the berry is poisonous to domestic animals, including cows, sheep, pigs and dogs.
Dogs have died after eating the karaka berry, so pet parents need to be on high alert. And not only in the warmer months as they ripen, but throughout the rest of the year too because the fruit retains toxins when dried up.
Interestingly, the flowers may also be narcotic and poisonous to bees, however this still needs more research.
In short, it’s best not to have a karaka tree growing in your garden if you have pets (or kids – see the next section below). And if you’re out walking with your them it’s always important to avoid places where karaka berries may have fallen.
Watch this video to see what the karaka tree and its berries look like:
Are karaka berries poisonous to humans?
Karaka berries have a single kernel contained in their sweet and fragrant flesh. Although the flesh beneath the skin is safe for humans to eat – and tasty too – the kernel contains an alkaloid that’s poisonous to us. That said, there’s a time-worn Māori method of preparing the kernel making it safe to eat.
If this process isn’t carried out absolutely correctly, however, humans can experience convulsions, paralysis or even death. Basically, it’s a no-go for humans unless you’re an expert. For this reason, always keep the berries away from children as well as pets.
When do karaka berries fall?
The karaka tree is an evergreen that fruits in summer, with berries ripening and falling from January to April.
Dogs have a tendency to taste and eat anything. So the sweet smelling karaka berries they see on a walk or while playing in the park could seem like an inviting nibble.
Unfortunately the highly toxic berries can cause a range of symptoms. Even years after the fruit has dried up and disappeared, the leftover kernel still contains toxins that could make a dog very sick or perhaps even kill it.
Here are signs of karaka berry toxicity in dogs:
- Hind leg paralysis
Because you don’t always know when your dog has eaten rather than just smelled something it can be tricky to realise when they have karaka berry poisoning. Even more so because symptoms of karaka berries in dogs can begin to show anywhere from as much as one to two days after ingestion.
If you think your dog has been exposed to karaka berries or is showing any of the above symptoms take them to the vet right away.
Toxicity in dogs
As a pet parent, you can pave a safer path for your pooch by reducing their exposure to toxic dangers. In addition to identifying routes for your doggy walk that aren’t lined with karaka trees there are various plants and other normal household items to keep your fur kid away from.
Here’s a list of articles that pinpoint what some of these are:
- Common things that can poison your pet
- Poisonous plants for dogs (and cats)
- Chocolate is toxic to dogs
- Household items are harmful to pets
Remember to share the dangers of karaka berries and dogs with fellow dog parents. You can also share this article on social media to help spread awareness.
Dog insurance, berry or no berry
There are some health needs you know your dog will need (like visits to the vet). And there are others you can’t foresee (like them eating a karaka berry). Happily, you can choose a plan for your pet to help pay the bills of both.
And remember, with us if you have more than one pet you’re eligible for a multiple pet discount. Check out our free kitten insurance and free puppy insurance plans too. Your pet is eligible for eight weeks of free cover between the ages of six and 30 weeks old. T&Cs apply.