It's time for this Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy to learn some basic puppy training commands like sit and stay. We can also teach this dog urinating inside not to

Puppy Training 101: Essential Tips to Teach Them Right


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A new puppy is a bundle of joy and love… and pee and poo. If you’re pondering how to begin puppy training, then look no further. Here’s how to crate train, leash train, teach basic cues and potty train your pooch using the best (healthy) puppy training treats ever.

Here's a Lhasa Apso dog learning basic commands

Basic cues for puppy training

At seven to eight weeks old, your puppy is ready to begin learning basic cues like ‘sit’, ‘stay’ and ‘come’. They’re full of lots of energy and noise (speaking of which, here’s why dogs bark) but have a short attention span. So, keep sessions short.

Five sessions a day of five to 10 minutes each is plenty.

Reward your puppy with bite-size treats to signal they’re doing the right action (more on the best puppy training treats below). Treats at the ready, here’s how to begin…


Hold a treat near your pooch’s nose to get their attention. Raise the treat higher while commanding “sit”. As he or she lifts their head toward the treat, they’ll automatically drop their bottom to the ground. If this doesn’t work, repeat the sequence. Only give the treat once they sit.


Once pooch has mastered the “sit” cue, tell them to sit and take one or two steps back. Calmly say “stay” while holding up your hand in a stop position. If they stay for at least a few seconds, they deserve a reward. Continue to practice this cue while increasing the distance, duration and number of distractions over time.


Use your treat to lead the puppy a few steps toward you while saying “come”. You can reward them and keep practising while gradually increasing the distance they must cover to get to you.

These foundational skills will help protect your puppy at home (and your visitors, family, and furnishings), as well as once you begin taking them on outings. If you’re interested in enhancing your foundations in dog lingo and tricks, read more about how to speak dog and our simple dog training tricks.

Here's how to potty train, leash train and crate train this excited Australian Shepherd puppy.

How to potty train a puppy

You should begin potty training a puppy as soon as they come home, regardless of age.

How do you go about potty training your puppy? Designate a ‘where to go space’ as well as a safe zone for when you can’t watch them. 

  • Designated space. A designated potty area helps with puppy training (and smells)! Take pup to this spot at the intervals listed further down. Once he or she goes in the right spot then reward them with praise or a treat immediately. Reinforcing the right actions is a key element to successful puppy potty training.
  • Safe zone. Puppy proof your safe zone – keeping it free of cables, chemicals and non-puppy-friendly furniture. Lay down some puppy training pads away from their water bowl, as dogs don’t like to go near their food/drink.

While we’re talking about all things puppy, read about the benefits of comparing pet insurance quotes for puppies vs dogs.

When puppy needs to go

Puppies need to go regularly as they have small bladders, so keep to a consistent schedule. Take pooch outside every two hours. If he or she has an accident at thirty minutes then reduce intervals to thirty minutes. You can gradually increase the amount of time to one and then two hours from there.

Take your puppy outdoors at the following intervals:

  • First thing in the morning
  • After meals
  • After naps
  • Before leaving them on their own at home
  • Last thing at night
Here's how to potty train, leash train and crate train this curious white fluffy puppy.

Never punish your pooch for mistakes

Toileting in the wrong place? Don’t punish; they won’t know what the punishment means and might also become fearful. If you do happen to catch your fur baby in the act, clap loudly, then lead them to the correct spot.

Remember to reward straight after puppy uses the correct toileting spot to reinforce good behaviour. When it comes to positive reinforcement dog training the proof is in the pudding – it works!

In addition, follow these tips:

  • Communication is key. All kinds of communication from pooch could mean they need to go. Take him/her outside if they start whining, scratching at the door, circling, squatting, or showing any signs of restlessness.
  • Keep it clean. Also, be sure to clean up any accidents with a detergent that removes smells. Otherwise, little pooch will keep coming back to the same spot to make new spots of poop and pee.

If you live in an apartment or don’t have garden access then there are a range of options from puppy pads to artificial grass. If your bow wow does have access to a garden, then you may still want to demarcate an area. Unless the whole garden is the area – the choice is yours.

Here's a Golden Retriever busy learning all about using his crate

How to crate train a puppy

Having a den is important to pooch’s sense of well-being. A crate provides a secure hidey hole and promotes happy sleeping and resting time. And if you keep it up it also means they have somewhere other than your bed to lay their weary (smelly, furry, slobbery) head.

Not everyone and their pups like crates, so it’s not for you, consider other options, like a playpen or safe zone. Read about the potential benefits as well as possible drawbacks of crate training a puppy or dog.

If you decide to go ahead, then you can begin crate training from as young as eight weeks old.

Some things to remember when crate training your puppy…

  • When crate training, never leave puppy inside the crate for too long – you don’t want them to soil their bed as this can create a negative pattern.
  • Let puppy out at one-hour intervals during crate training and give them time to play (as playtime is essential for dogs) before returning to the crate. If you’re crate training your puppy at night, intervals can be three hours long.
  • The crate is a safe space – don’t use it to punish your puppy. If your puppy gets separation anxiety, it might be better to bring them back out. Separation anxiety in pets can cause potty accidents, which will lead to setbacks to training.

A couple more…

  • Play games to reinforce the crate as a positive space. You can throw the ball into the crate or put a treat inside so puppy gets the hang of going in and out on their own.
  • Remove the collar and tag when your puppy is in the crate. These are a strangling hazard if they get hooked on the crate. 
  • When your puppy is active and playful, keep them out of the crate. Only put them in the crate once they’re calm. This reinforces the link between the crate and the den.
  • Give pooch a treat each time they go into the crate.

To help you decide what size crate to buy research how big your puppy will grow. Read our Dog Size: Uncovering Your Puppy’s Adult Size article. A fully grown dog must be able to stand up and turn around inside their crate. Also read about how to choose a pet carrier that suits your pup.

Here's a Bichon Frisé puppy who is growing up fast and is well protected with pet insurance

How to train my puppy to walk on a leash?

As with crate training, start teaching your puppy to go on a lead at eight weeks old. If you don’t have a lead already, we have a guide to dog leashes and leads.

Get them used to wearing the collar and lead around the house first. This puppy training must be supervised as the lead can be dangerous if it hooks onto furniture.

Once puppy is used to the collar, take them around the house and garden on-lead. Try to keep some slack on it. If your pooch starts to pull, stop walking. Try out your basic commands throughout the session, so they get used to listening to you during a walk. Place treats along a specific route you want pup to take.

Tips on how to train a timid puppy

Is your puppy a furrified ball of nerves? Here’s how to turn that shy pup into a confident canine superstar! Brace yourself for some epic tips on how to train a timid puppy:

  1. Treats and tricks: Let’s be real, who doesn’t love treats? These little morsels of deliciousness can work wonders in coaxing your shy buddy out of their shell. Use tasty treats as motivation and rewards during training sessions. It’s like chipping away at their anxiety, one treat at a time.
  2. Start small, dream big: Rome wasn’t built in a day and neither is a brave and outgoing pup. Begin with fur baby steps and gradually introduce your timid furball to new experiences, people, and places. Give them a taste of the outside world, one tiny adventure at a time, until they’re strutting their stuff.
  3. Paws-itive reinforcement: When it comes to training, positive reinforcement is the name of the game. Shower your precious pup with praise, cuddles (treats) and belly rubs whenever they show signs of confidence or conquer a fear. It’s like throwing them a never-ending party where they’re always the guest of honour.
  4. Take it easy: Patience is the key to success. Remember, your shy pup is on their own unique journey. Avoid overwhelming them with too much too soon. Take it slow, be understanding and watch the transformation unfold.
  5. Playtime bonanza: Who says training can’t be fun? Engage your timid puppy in interactive play sessions that build their confidence while burning off some puppy energy. Fetch, hide-and-seek and creating your own backyard agility course are all fantastic ways to boost their self-assurance and create an unbreakable bond.
a pet owner rewards pooch with the the best and healthiest puppy treats

Best puppy training treats

Here are a few of the best creative and healthy puppy training treats to make using fruits and vegetables:

  1. Banana bites: Slice a ripe banana into small, bite-sized pieces. Bananas are a great source of potassium and a tasty reward for pup during training sessions.
  2. Sweet potato chews: Cut sweet potatoes into long, thin strips and bake them until chewy. Sweet potatoes are packed with vitamins and make a delicious, natural chew toy for your furry friend.
  3. Carrot crunchies: Slice carrots into thin rounds or sticks and lightly steam until tender. They’re a low-calorie treat that can help with your pup’s dental health – a win-win when it comes to deciding on the best puppy training treats.
  4. Apple slices: Core an apple and cut into thin slices. Apples are a good source of fibre and a refreshing, crunchy reward for pup.
  5. Watermelon pupsicles: Puree seedless watermelon and pour the mixture into ice cube trays. Freeze them until solid, and voila! You’ve got hydrating pupsicles for puppy training on hot summer days.
  6. Blueberry bonanza: Give your pup a handful of fresh blueberries as a puppy training treat. Blueberries are packed with antioxidants and make for a sweet and healthy reward.

When introducing some of the best puppy training treats to your pup during a puppy training session, observe their reaction and ensure they don’t have any adverse effects or allergies.

If you’re a regular Jamie Oliver and want to come up with your own snacks, to be on the safe side find out what human foods dogs can eat.

Always provide treats in moderation and as part of a balanced diet to avoid growing pooch to a fat or obese dog size. Have fun getting creative in the kitchen and enjoy making these fruity and veggie delights for your adorable puppy!

a PD puppy sits snugly on dad's arm

Puppy training for the wide world

In addition to essential puppy training life skills like crate training, now is also an important time to do pet vaccinations. Once you head into the wide world, pooch will be exposed to all sorts of new bacteria, contaminants and things that can poison your pet.

Vaccinate according to your vet’s recommended schedule to make sure any trips to the park and beyond don’t spell possible danger.

Once you start going for neighbourhood and park walks you’ll also need to consider other people and their dogs. Remember to bring along your DIY dog walking kit to keep your puppy poop etiquette in check.

Also be aware that dog fights (and dog bites) can happen – even between well-behaved dogs for a number of reasons. If your dog is injured or injures another dog or its owner, it’s best to be insured.

More tips on puppy training your best friend for life

Hold onto your doggy biscuits, new pup parents! Our blog has a treasure trove of pawsome puppy articles that will have you wagging your tail with excitement. For example:

  1. How to Stop My Puppy Crying
  2. Toilet Training Your Puppy – Tips to Help Get it Right
  3. Pet Nutrition 101: Feeding Your New Puppy Right
  4. Will My Dog be Jealous of a New Puppy? Yes or No?
  5. How to Find a Trusted Puppy School in New Zealand
  6. Puppy Sleep Training Tips

Puppy insurance that’ll make you go “bow-WOW”

Life is full of surprises (like when you potty train a puppy), but with PD Insurance you’ll be ready to tackle many curveballs that come your way. Say goodbye to anxious moments and hello to peace of mind as you navigate the twists and turns of pet parenthood.

Why? We provide award-winning puppy insurance that offers affordability, simplicity, and quick online reimbursement. Importantly, our fixed excess applies to the one event – no more excess to pay if you need multiple vet consultations for follow-up treatment for the same claimable event. 

Plus, you get one or more months of FREE pet insurance when you buy a policy online. Click below to get a quote.

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